In base SAS software, PROC FORMAT allows you to create your own formats for both character and numeric variables. For more information, see the FORMAT procedure in the SAS Procedures Guide. When you execute a SAS program that uses user-defined formats, these formats should be available.
FORMAT variable-name FORMAT-NAME.; Here the first word (FORMAT) is the SAS keyword that tells it to assign a format to a variable. The second word is the name of the variable you want to assign to a format. Finally, type the name of the format followed by a period and a semicolon.
This guide contains written and illustrated tutorials for the statistical software SAS. This SAS software tutorial shows how to create and assign your own variable formats (value labels) in SAS using PROC FORMAT. These formats are useful if you have numerically coded categorical variables and want to attach meaningful labels to those values.
SAS uses the format to write the values of the variable that you specify. For example, the following statement in a DATA step associates the COMMA w. d numeric format with the variables SALES1 through SALES3: format sales1-sales3 comma10.2.
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A single FORMAT statement can associate the same format with several variables, or it can associate different formats with different variables. If a variable appears in multiple FORMAT statements, SAS uses the format that is assigned last. You use a FORMAT statement in the DATA step to permanently associate a format with a variable.
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SAS offers Graphic User Interface and is a very simple method for accessing multiple applications. SAS depends on the user-written programs which get processed on request. You can use SAS successfully only if you know the tricks and rules of writing SAS codes. SAS works efficiently with huge data volumes and produces reports and graphs.
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Similar to reading datasets, SAS can write datasets in different formats. It can write data from SAS files to normal text file.These files can be read by other software programs. SAS uses PROC EXPORT to write data sets. It is a SAS inbuilt procedure used to export the SAS data sets for writing the.
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